The Sikh holiday of Guru Nanak Jayanti also referred to as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav honours the birth of Sikhism’s founder Guru Nanak. The day of the full moon in the Kartik month of the Nanakshahi calendar, which falls in November or December on the Gregorian calendar, is typically observed. Since it is based on the lunar calendar, Guru Nanak Jayanti’s exact date varies from year to year. Guru Nanak Jayanti is anticipated to be observed on November 19th, 2021.
The Sikh holiday of Guru Nanak Jayanti also referred to as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav honours the birth of Sikhism’s founder Guru Nanak. The day of the full moon in the Kartik month of the Nanakshahi calendar, which also falls in November or December on the Gregorian calendar, is typically observed.
History and Significance
The practice of commemorating Guru Nanak Jayanti is thought to be as old as Sikhism, despite the fact that there are no official reports regarding the festival’s beginnings. Sikhism, which is regarded as one of the newest religions in the world, was established by Guru Nanak, who is thought to have been born on April 14, which is Vaisakhi in the Nanakshahi calendar.
Some Sikh groups, however, hold that Guru Nanak was actually born on the full moon day of the lunar calendar of Kartik, which falls in the period between October and November on the Calendar. As a result, various Sikh communities celebrate Guru Nanak Jayanti either on Vaisakhi or the full moon day of the Kartik lunar month.
A Day Before the Festival
A procession known as Nagar Kirtan is planned for the day before Guru Nanak’s birthday. The “Panj Pyaras,” or “Five Beloved Ones,” are the five men holding the Palkhi, Nishan Sahib, and the triangular Sikh flag (Palanquin).
During the procession, the Holy Guru Granth Sahib is placed in the Palkhi, which is accompanied by people reciting prayers and trying to sing hymns. Along with performing traditional music, a band also performs martial arts demonstrations and fights.
This colourful procession moves through streets that are decorated with flowers and flags. The purpose of this procession is to educate the public about Guru Nanak’s profound social contributions as well as his sacred teachings.
The central verses of the Guru Granth Sahib explained the concept of “ik onkar”, or the one God who is present in all creation and is the source of all truth. This sacred text serves as the foundation for the entire Sikh religion. The premise of the book is the conviction that God alone is the universe’s creator. You are now aware of what Guru Nanak Jayanti is. On this day, Guru Nanak’s devotees honour his accomplishments, legacy, and contribution to humanity through his teachings. Learn about the Gurupurab festival’s celebration methods.
One of India’s most revered, important, and well-known holidays, Guru Nanak Jayanti commemorates the great teachings of Guru Nanak that are recorded in the holy book Guru Granth Sahib. The Sikh community celebrates this significant day with great joy and fervour all over the world.
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