The constitution of our country has kept the judicial system completely independent so that it can curb the wrongdoings done by the executive, so the position of judge is very important, a wrong decision can affect many people. Maybe, this post is a post of utmost responsibility, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in India is appointed by the President and other judges are appointed by the President on the advice of the Chief Justice, similarly, the Chief and other judges in the High Courts of all the states are appointed by the Governor, and after their appointment, they can be removed only by impeachment.
How to Become a Judge?
The first level of becoming a judge is a graduate in law, you can take the COMMON LAW ADMISSION TEST (CLAT) exam after the twelfth, 16 universities participate in this exam. In addition, all the universities conduct their own entrance exam. This is a five-year course in which you receive a BA LLB degree. You can also take a three-year LLB course after BA or graduation.
After graduation in law, you have to be registered as a lawyer. After this, you can advocate. After seven years of experience, you can sit for the exam of the judge.
In every state of India, the State Public Service Commission (STATE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION) conducts the Judicial Service Examination (JUDICIAL SERVICE EXAM), District or Subordinate Court (SUBORDINATE COURT) examination. This examination may vary from state to state.
Judicial Service Examination Phase (Exam Steps)
The Judicial Service Examination is conducted in three stages-
Preliminary Examination (Objective)
Main Exam (Written)
(Pre Exam Pattern)
|Paper I||General Knowledge||150|
(Main Exam Pattern)
|Paper 1||General Knowledge||150|
|Paper 3||Law – I (Substantive Law)||200|
|Paper 4||Law – II (Procedure and Evidence)||200|
|Paper 5||Law – III (Penal, Revenue, and Local Laws)||200|
Candidates who succeed in the main examination will be called for interview. This interview is of 100 marks. After getting success in this exam, you can get selected on the post of judge.
These are 16 National Law Universities: –
- National Law School of Indian University, Bangalore (NLSIU
- National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University of Law, Hyderabad
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Science, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
- National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
- National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
- National University of Studies and Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
- National Law University and Judicial Academy, Guwahati, Assam (NLUJAA)
- DamodharamSanjeeva National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
- Tamil Nadu National Law School Trichurapalli (TNNLS).
Qualification for a judge
- Candidate must be a citizen of India In order to become a judge, a candidate must have served as a judge in two or more courts for at least five years or as an advocate in a High Court for ten consecutive years.
- A Judge of a High Court or a retired Judge of the Supreme Court or a High Court can be appointed as an ad hoc Judge of the Supreme Court.
- Age is compulsory for a judge to be within 62 years
There are additional options – good prospects
If you have completed graduation in law, after this you not only have the option to become a lawyer, but you can also work in multinational companies of India and abroad as you wish. After the experience, one can also work as a legal consultant for government departments and private companies.
Attorney generals in the state and central governments are also experts in the legal sector and highly experienced. Young people wishing to be associated with education and research can also go into the teaching profession after doing LLM and LLD. Many Indian and multinational companies of Indian and Indian origin are moving fast, of which you can become a part.
The salary of a junior civil judge is 45 thousand and the salary of a senior judge is about 80 thousand rupees. This salary can vary from state to state. The salary of the Chief Justice of the High Court is Rs. 2.50 lakhs and the salary of other High Court judges is Rs. 2.25 lakhs.
The salary of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is 2.80 lakhs and the salary of other judges of the Supreme Court is 2.50 lakhs.
If you have any suggestions regarding this article then you can leave your suggestion in the comment box.