In this Essay, we describe many things about Eid as Eid Essay. Eid is the religious festival of Muslims also known as Eid al-Fitr. Celebrated by Muslims from all over the world which marks the breaking of fasting from dawn to sunset. This festival also marks the end of Ramadan month and the beginning of Shawwal month. The followers of Islam fast throughout the Ramadan month and pray to Allah. The day of Eid is celebrated as a thanksgiving to Allah. Islamic people believe that Allah provided the strength and fortitude for the long fasting custom throughout the month.
According to their rituals and religious beliefs, Eid is the only day they could fast in the whole month of Shawwal. The day of celebration varies from locality to locality because the day of the starting of the lunar Hijri month is completely based on when the new moon is seen by local religious authorities. In Arabic, the meaning of Eid is a feast. According to the Islamic calendar, there are two types of Eid one is Eid al-Fitr which is a three days long festival and the other is Eid al-Adha which is a four days longer festival both are also renowned as smaller and greater Eid respectively.
History Relation of Eid
There are also two different commemorations related to the celebration of this festival according to Islamic history. Eid al-Fitr recalls the revealing of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad whereas Eid al-Adha recalls a story from the Quran where Satan tried to change the mind of Ibrahim to make him disobey god’s command, according to which Ibrahim had to sacrifice his own son Ismail who was ready to be sacrificed for god.
The intentions of Satan failed because Ibrahim did not change his mind and his son was also ready to be sacrificed. Ibrahim was having full faith in God and his son was having full faith in his father. As soon as Ibrahim tried to kill his son, god interrupted in between and stated he was just checking his faith in God and then provided a ram for the scarification process. During this festival, Muslims execute an animal to remind the sacrifice of Ibrahim. For the first time, Eid al-Fitr was celebrated on the first day of the 10th month according to the Islamic calendar and Eid al-Adha was celebrated on the 10th day of the final month of the Islamic calendar. In the Islamic calendar, the dates are based on the calculation of lunar phases.
Celebrations of Eid al-Fitr are done by preparing sweet dishes at home. People greet each other ‘Eid Mubarak’ by hugging each other in formal white clothes, signifying the brotherhood community bond of Islamic people. Special morning prayers are performed by the Muslim religious community and a whole lot of Islamic people. All these celebrations take place for a maximum duration of three days. Peoples seek forgiveness for their mistakes from others and Allah and also forgive others for their mistakes.
Rituals for the celebrations are different for different countries. Many Muslims decorate their homes with various decoration items like lanterns, coloured lamps, twinkling stars, flowers, and other shiny decoration items. In India, a full-day holiday is given to Islamic people and to other people also to honour the festival of Eid but countries like U.S. and U.K. do not count this festival on the holiday list of their calendar and Muslims may get a day off for their celebration of Eid only if they process a request. Countries having an enormous population of Muslim community people celebrates Eid as their national festival. People distribute various kinds of gifts to children and needy people. Eid al-Adha is celebrated by executing the baby of an animal, the animal can be a calf, kid, or the little ones of other animals.
Religious beliefs mark it with sacrifice and relate this execution of animals with the sacrifice of Ibrahim and his son Ismail according to their holy book Quran. It falls at the end of the Hajj. Millions of Muslims gather in the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia for an annual pilgrimage called Hajj. They only get a one-time chance to participate in Hajj during their whole lifespan. This fortune is only for those who can actually follow the whole series of rituals performed throughout the week of Hajj in Mecca. As the Hajj ends, a three to four days celebration of Eid al-Adha starts. Every year many people attend Hajj from outside of Saudi Arabia and almost every Muslim from Saudi Arabia.
Muslims are strictly prohibited to fast during the festival of Eid. It is a major festival for Muslims. The month of Ramadan signifies the period of good deeds, helping people, showing kindness, and increasing brotherhood. The ritual of fasting was started by Prophet Mohammad. On this day people can see the crescent moon just after sunset.
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims have to wake up early in the morning to chant their daily prayers and after that, they move ahead to their congregational prayers and it is offered to Allah only in open ground or hall. Many people donate to charities working for the poor and needy people and many people help them directly. The gifts of Eid given to relatives, friends, and children are known as ‘Heidi’. There is not any fixed day for the celebrations of Eid as the phases of the moon change every year.
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